This section includes reports developed by CA4HSR and relevant research papers by the greater high speed rail community. 

Research Papers 

Planning Transit-Oriented Development Around High-Speed Rail Stations in Fresno and Bakersfield
Author: Daniel Krause, Co-Founder and Vice-Chair, Californians for High Speed Rail.

This study first examines literature that documents experience with development around HSR stations in Europe and Japan. Three detailed case studies are also examined. The lessons learned from this extensive review of literature are then applied to the unique circumstances in Fresno and Bakersfield. The timing of this study is ideal given that the first segment of construction will likley go between Fresno and Bakersfield.

High Speed Rail’s Effect on Population Distribution in Secondary Urban Areas
An Analysis of the French Urban Areas and Implications for the California Central Valley. Author: Brian Stanke, Executive Director, Californians for High Speed Rail 


TGV Duplex on the Gare de Lyon (Paris)
Image via Wikipedia

There are ongoing questions in America about the impact of High Speed Rail (HSR) services on growth and sprawl. On one hand, HSR is touted as enabling downtown revitalization and smart growth. On the other, HSR is questioned as enabling further sprawl into the ex-urban hinterlands. 

The paper looks at selected secondary urban areas in France (cities outside of Paris), and tracks how the introduction of HSR service impacted the location of population growth in and around those cities, from 1968 to 2006. It measures how the introduction of HSR to a city led to more population growth at the outer edge (sprawl) or near the city center (smart growth). 

French urban areas were used for the analysis because of the age and extent of the French HSR system, and because France’s population density is closer to that of California that other early adopters of HSR, such as Japan and Germany. The results show that growth after the installation of HSR was far more focused in the center city than in outlying areas.